Commercial jet-powered aircraft safety statistics

Embraer aircraft delivery data is updated only up to 2017, others up to April 2018

 
Data updated up to:
These statistics are mostly based on data from Aviation Safety Network (ASN) with fleet age and size calculated from the IATA statistics 2017, with aircraft deliveries per year obtained from multiple sources (the manufacturer site whenever possible, which is the case for all Boeing). Some deliveries have a total accurate, but yearly estimates, which means the fleet might have slight discrepancies per year specially for Bombardier and Tupolev aircraft.

The database contains not only deliveries per year, but then extensive information per Full Hull Loss (FHL), which include:

  • FHL with no fatalities (Often on the ground, but some crash landings)
  • FHL with no fatalities where criminal event were involved
  • For each FHL with fatalities, the date; number of fatalities; either if it was caused by a criminal event, ATC error or factors totally out of control of the aircraft and pilot; the stage of flight and/or cause of the crash; and the age of the aircraft rounded for year.
Currently, Aircrafts which design date is lower than 1985 are considered obsolete. This date was chosen to reflect the introduction of Computer Design and new avionics from the information age. It mostly marks where the bulk of the current fleet was designed (like the A320, A330, B767, B777). Some models were designed earlier but since they are still under production with modern updates, are considered modern models.

It is important to notice that early models were obviously more prone to accidents since the industry was maturing and learning new technologies, thus this separation between obsolete and modern was made to remove this stage, which covers mostly early Boeing and the A300, separating them from from aircrafts designed in the modern age, with time proof techniques and discoveries. Certainly in a few decades we will consider these obsolete in face of the new wave of aircraft design technologies that are rolling out on new designs.

Criminal events include, but are not limited, to highjacking, bombing, war and terrorism. ATC errors are usually Mid-air collisions or incorrect take-off/landing instructions that were the main cause of the crash. We also exclude as a valid crash events where the Foul Play were involved, such as Pilot Suicide or crude irresponsibility (we have a drunken pilot on record, for instance). Some causes, like bad maintenance, are usually not excluded because maintenance is part of the design and life-cycle of an aircraft and are just as bad as a bad design (meaning, a design that makes maintenance easier or safer is preferred).

This page is updated about twice a year (or whenever an accident happens) and some new features are planned but since this is not a priority hobby of mine, some are taking time. Check back later.
Quotations
"Turboprop operations accounted for 20% of all sectors flown last year, yet represented 44% ofall accidents and 83% of all fatal accidents." IATA safety Report 2017

"The average retirement age for all commercial jet aircraft is 25.7 years, with 60% of delivered aircraft still in service at 25 years of age. Within the total fleet, narrowbody aircraft are retired at an average age of 26.6 years and widebody aircraft at 24.6 years, with 65% and 59% respectively remaining in service after 25 years." Avolon White Paper 2015

GENERATING ...
Graphic 1 - total flights (green), fleet (blue), fatalities (red), FHL (orange) and accident rate (black) - excludes criminal 'accidents'
click the labels below to toggle vision on each data



Graphic 2 - same as Graphic 1, but showing all data (except total flights) divided by obsolete (top) and modern (bottom) aircraft

GENERATING ...
Graphic 3 - Stage of flight / cause of crash
Onboard fire, Test and validadion, Shot Down and Criminal/ATC/Foul Play are causes that could have happened during any moment of the flight
GENERATING ...

Graphic 4 - Age of aircraft when crashed
Excludes when cause were 'not legal' (Shot down, criminal, ATC, Foul Play etc..)
GENERATING ...
For comparison, the oldest aircraft still operating commercially is an 50 year old 737-classic operated by Lignes Aeriennes Congolaises 9Q-CGQ (as of 2018)

Graphic 5 - As of 2014, Age of retirement of aircrafts:
Age of retirement

Graphic 6 - Active aircraft as of 2014 Do not include all models, so numbers are smaller than shown in Graphic 1 for 2014 Active Aircraft per age
Notice that less than 10% (2.500) are older than 40 years, of which over 65% are stored and unlikelly to return to service
GENERATING ...

GENERATING ...

GENERATING ...

GENERATING ...

Legend:
  • FHL: Full Hull Loss
  • L-FHL: Full Hull Loss with at least 1 fatality, minus criminal (*) events (see below)
  • FHL w/fat: Full Hull Loss without fatalities
  • FHL crime: Full Hull Loss caused by criminal action, deliberate destruction, foul play, ATC error or mid-air collision (The number removed from (*) events)
  • FAT: Fatalities
  • L-FAT: Fatalities, minus criminal (*) events (see below)
* - Items where the total fault of the accident cannot be attributed in any way to aircraft design, pilot awareness/training, etc.. i.e. any plane in any condition would have the same fate
Note: Planes that are still under production even if the original project is obsolete, are marked not obsolete because the new models/versions incorporate new technologies
Internet Archieve for proof of original content (the research actually was online in other page since 2011):
Check other of my articles, like: How about a travel to Japan? All you need to know